Thinking Outside the Box A Misguided Idea Psychology Today
The Academy Awards ceremony for was held only a few months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, on February 26, Soon, the Hollywood community would rally to boost morale and provide entertainment for the troops. Carole Lombard died in a tragic plane crash about a month before the Oscar ceremony, on January 16,after a War Bond rally tour appearance.
Through the eyes of young son Huw Roddy McDowallthe episodic life including crises such as strikes and mine disasters, and joys of the close-knit Morgan family and Welsh coal-mining community were remembered in the narrative.
The previous year, Charlie Chaplin was the first to ever receive three simultaneous nominations, as producer, actor, and screenwriter for The Great Dictator It was also Wyler's fourth Best Director nomination in six years without winning - he was nominated in,and York in Howard Hawks' morale booster Sergeant York.
Cooper's whimsical performance defeated greater epic performances by the following actors: Orson Welles with his sole acting nomination in his career! Jordan and Walter Huston with his third nomination as the Devil Mr. Joan Fontaine with her second nomination in the second consecutive year for another Rebecca -like role as a shy, spinsterish British girl named Lina McLaidlaw suspicious of and plagued by her new husband, Cary Grant, and a glass of milk in Hitchcock's mystery Suspicion and her older sister Olivia de Havilland with her second nomination as schoolteacher Emmy Brown involved in an immigration-marriage scam and in love with Charles Boyer in the soap Hold Back the Dawn Fontaine won her first Oscar, probably as consolation for the previous year's loss.
Both roles were as a victimized young bride. De Havilland would win twice in the s for: Donald Crisp with his sole career nomination won the Best Supporting Actor award it was the only Oscar of his long, fifty-five year career for his role as the stern father of the closely-knit Morgan family of Welsh miners, who is killed in the mine in the film's conclusion in How Green Was My Valley.
Another nominee - Sydney Greenstreet with his sole career nomination in his 'talking' film debut at age 61nominated for his performance as obsessed, statuette searcher "Fat Man" Casper Gutman in The Maltese Falconwas equally deserving. SHARE Although studying creativity is considered a legitimate scientific discipline nowadays, it is still a very young one.
In the early s, a psychologist named J.
Guilford was one of the first academic researchers who dared to conduct a study of creativity. He challenged research subjects to connect all nine dots using just four straight lines without lifting their pencils from the page.
Today many people are familiar with this puzzle and its solution. In the s, however, very few were even aware of its existence, even though it had been around for almost a century.
Academy Awards® Winners and History
If you have tried solving this puzzle, you can confirm that your first attempts usually involve sketching lines inside the imaginary square. The correct solution, however, requires you to draw lines that extend beyond the area defined by the dots.
Only 20 percent managed to break out of the illusory confinement and continue their lines in the white space surrounding the dots. The symmetry, the beautiful simplicity of the solution, and the fact that 80 percent of the participants were effectively blinded by the boundaries of the square led Guilford and the readers of his books to leap to the sweeping conclusion that creativity requires you to go outside the box.
The idea went viral via s-era media and word of mouth, of course. Overnight, it seemed that creativity gurus everywhere were teaching managers how to think outside the box.
Back to Golden Days
Management consultants in the s and s even used this puzzle when making sales pitches to prospective clients. Because the solution is, in hindsight, deceptively simple, clients tended to admit they should have thought of it themselves.
Or so their consultants would have them believe. There seemed to be no end to the insights that could be offered under the banner of thinking outside the box.