Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

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  • Yellabidde Cave, Northern Swan Coastal Plain, Southwestern Australia Aboriginal History of Australia Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for at least 60, years, arriving by boat from south Asia at about that time, or possibly earlier.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    By 35, BP to 25, BP ancestral Aboriginal People had occupied all major environmental zones of Sahul Greater Australiafrom the large islands off the northeastern coast of Papua New Guinea in the equatorial region, to the southernmost part of Tasmania. At the time of the arrival of Europeans in Australia it was declared an unoccupied land, as the Aboriginal People didn't practice agriculture, so the colonists could take over without even consulting the locals.

    The Aboriginal People were believed by some of those Europeans to be at best, like children, who needed to be protected from themselves as well as everyone else.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    Others regarded them as sub-human, so there was no problem treating them as though they were animals, especially when colonisation got under way and colonists wanted to take over their hunting territory for raising cattle and sheep, or farming.

    They were mostly tolerated as long as they didn't try to stop pastoralists taking their land, when they got in the way, they were often treated like animals that ate the colonists' crops or killed their cattle for food.

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    It has since been realised that they did indeed farm the land, even the parts that were unusable by the colonists, and for a very long time. It has been called fire-stick farming.

    During their long period of occupation they developed a system of burning off limited areas at certain times of the year, that encouraged the grass growth, that supported the animals they hunted. So while they lived by hunting, over large parts of the continent it was in effect managed hunting.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    In fact, they were possibly the first farmers. See The Biggest Estate on Earth. It has been said of the Aboriginal People that 'they are an unchanging people in an unchanging land', implying that they didn't adapt so were somehow less worthy than the very adaptable people who took over their country.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    One of the world's best known, and highest regarded anthropologists, Claude Levi-Strauss, called them ' intellectual aristocrats ' among early peoples. Once overlooked features of Aboriginal culture include sophisticated religion, art and social organisation, an egalitarian system of justice and decision-making, complex far-reaching trading networks.

    And they adapted to, and survived in, some of the worlds harshest environments for survival, that demonstrated that they did indeed adapt very well.

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    Also, they arrived in Australia prior to the Last Glacial Maximum with its extreme drying of the Australian climate, that was already arid over much of the continent, adapting to the even more arid conditions, then readapted to the improved conditions following the end of the last glacial period. Another way the Aboriginal People, especially in the driest areas of the inland, adapted to the very arid conditions was neighbouring groups often allowed each other to hunt in their territory when their neighbour's territory was more affected by drought, which occurs at unpredictable times and for varying lengths of time.

    Archaeologists have also found that their stone tools have evolved over the time of their occupation.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    Like elsewhere in the world, the earliest known tools were heavy, simple tools, the later ones getting progressively smaller and finer, and eventually to more complex composite tools, that are mounted or hafted to a handle for better leverage.

    At the time of European colonisation most tools were of the composite, hafted type.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    Dreamtime stories from all across northern Australia have various ancestral beings coming to the northern Australian coast from the north, in Arnhem Land the Gunwinggu people tell of an ancestral mother, Waramurungundji Waramurungdjuwho came across the sea from the north-west in the direction of Indonesia to the northern coast of Australia.

    Here his canoe turned into stone.

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    Why is it one of the greats? Taking a trip along the Great Ocean Road is an Australian rite of passage.

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    For more head here: Ultimate Escapes Great Ocean Road 3. This is a 4WD adventure like no other, taking in the magnificent and remote wilderness of the Kimberley, with outback cattle stations, ancient gorges, thundering waterfalls, sacred Aboriginal sites and rock art, a unique pioneering history, and fascinating characters.

    This multi-tiered waterfall cascades down layered sandstone into several pools and is perfect for swimming.

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    Petrol is really expensive on the Gibb River Road, and there are only two roadhouses along the way — at Imintji and Mt Barnett. Only Mt Barnett sells petrol, both sell diesel. Be sure to take a little detour to Freycinet National Park, an area rich in granite mountains, peaceful bays, azure waters and prolific birdlife, and if you have time join the award-winning Freycinet Experience Walk. Cairns to Cape York, Qld The route: Made up of red dirt, croc-infested river crossings, ancient rock art, and lush rainforest, this scenic route encompasses the Wet Tropics, an area where two World Heritage areas the Reef and Daintree meet.

    The Quinkan Galleries at Laura is a collection of rock art believed to be as old as 30, years.

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    Road trip to The Tip 6. Perth to Ningaloo, WA The route: Where the turquoise Indian Ocean meets the rugged outback, is there a more breathtaking sight?

    Funding For Maritime Heritage Australian National Maritime Museum

    Supplies north of Carnarvon are limited and expensive, so be prepared prior to this. Great Alpine Road, Vic The route: