Each coin bears the denomination of CFA Francs. The coins are 27mm nickel-plated steel and are dated The Cameroon issue features a Mambila. A Manilla is shown on the Chad issue. A Katanga Cross is on the coin from the Congo Republic. A pair of Cowrie shells is on the Equatorial Guinea coin. The Gabon coin shows a piece of Throwing Knife Money.
Each coin has a mintage of only pieces! Individually they are interesting coins. As a set they display the wide range of items used for money in Africa prior to the introduction of coins and currency.
The coins made by the Africa Mint, which had questionable authority to issue the coins. The coins have a mintage of only pieces of each coin. The reverse of the coins all show a map of Africa and an elephant head. Because these nations use the common currency of the Central African Monetary Union they issue few coins of their own.
Each of the four bi-metallic coins are 28mm in diameter and bear the denomination of Francs.
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Only one President Kerekou of Benin actually retired when his term was up. The reverse of the coins picture an elephants head on a map of Africa, along with an inscription honoring the President. Only of each coin was issued. The 5, 10 and 20 Kwanzas are bi-metallic. The 20 Kwanzas depicts Queen Njinga Mbande, who led an armed resistance against Portuguese rule in the midth century.
The 5 and 10 Kwanzas feature the coat of arms of Angola on one side and the denomination on the other. The 1 Kwanzas and 50 Centimos has the denomination on one side and the logo of the National Bank of Angola on the other.
First issued induring World War II, it was also struck in and The coin is always popular with coin collectors and elephant lovers. Those territories now make up the independent nations of the Congo Democratic RepublicRwanda and Burundi. The territories covered a vast area of almost 80 times the size of Belgium! We are pleased to offer this 5 Franc from this vast African territory. The 28mm aluminum coin features a palm tree on one side and the Belgian arms on the other.
The coin is denominated in the local currency: More unusual is that the coin is also denominated as 2. The coin was issued to honor and sell at the coin fairs in Basel, Switzerland and Piacenza, Italy. The coin features a map of Europe highlighting the 25 members of the European Union plus Switzerland one one side, and a map of Africa on the other. The coin has a mintage of only pieces. The hole is supposedly to make it easy for natives without pockets to carry coins on a string.
One side has the royal crown, name of the monarch in Latin and the denomination spelled out in words in English and Arabic. The other side features a hexagram similar to the Star of David and the name of the territory.
Edward reigned for less than a year before he abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson, an American divorcee. Both coins were struck at the British Royal Mint and are Uncirculated.
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Because it does not have a mint of its own, it rarely issues coins. The four coin set includes the most recent coins of Burundi, though some are decades old. Both coins have the name of the country and legends in three languages on the obverse. The 5 Francs and the 1 Franc both feature the national arms and are struck in aluminum. France issued this 1 Franc for French Cameroon in In Cameroon was granted independence. The obverse features Marianne, the personification of the French Republic, and steam ships.
The coins are quite similar. They both depict a player kicking a ball into the Brandenburg Gate and a map of Africa on the obverse, and an elephant head and a map of Africa of the reverse. The coins have a mintage of only pieces each. Both coins have the same design; however one is bi-metallic while the other struck in blue cobalt plated iron.
They honor the Pygmies and feature a small standing pygmy on one side. The coins are 20mm in diameter. Only of the blue cobalt plated iron coins were struck and of the bimetallic coins were struck, making them rather scarce. It makes the Pope look like a vampire. A map of Africa and an elephant's head is on the reverse.
It gained independence from Portugal in To celebrate the 40th anniversary of independence, and the 40th anniversary of its central bank it issued this circulating One side, commemorating 40 years of development and features a school teacher, windmills, a family and other images.
The other side commemorates the 40th anniversary of Banco de Cabo Verde. It includes the national arms and various monetary and financial symbols looks like the designer had fun with the wingdings fonts.
In ancient times it was visited by Phoenician traders, and later by Arab sailors. It came under French protection in For many years it was under the administration of French controlled Madagascar and used Madagascar coins.
After Madagascar gained independence inComoros needed its own coinage. The reverse features palm trees and coconuts. The coin was struck at the Paris mint and is Brilliant Uncirculated. The primitive fish was believed to be long extinct until a scientist found one in a fisherman's net. It turned out the folks on the Comoros islands had been eating them for years. A Coelacanth is featured on this 31mm aluminum 5 Francs. It was issued by Comoros in conjunction with the World Fisheries Conference.
The other side features coconut palms and coconuts. Comoros is a republic located on a group of small islands off the east coast of Africa. The coin was struck by the Paris mint. It is an attractive coin with an unusual fish. The 17mm aluminum coin has the date and denomination on the obverse. Wallace Simpson, an American divorcee. One side of the 30mm coin shows four elephant tusks. The other shows the imperial crown and the name of the monarch. The coin has a center hole to make it easy for natives to carry it on a string and to make it easily distinguishable from other coins.
The coin depicts a pair of elephant tusks, a traditional form of wealth on one side and the national arms on the other. The coin was used only briefly as a new currency was introduced in Featured on the front of the coins is native African wildlife. The Cents depicts an Elephant mother and her calf. A Greater Kudo is on the 50 Cents. The 25 cents has a Grevy's Zebra. An Osterich is on the 10 cents.
The 5 Cents pictures a leopard sitting on a tree branch. The 1 Cent features a Red-Fronted Gazelle. The reverses of the coins depicts soldiers carrying the Eritrean flag. The coins are struck in nickel-plated steel and are Uncirculated. The 1 Cent shows a farmer and two oxen. The 5 Cents features a soldier. The 10 Cents shows a Mountain Nyala. The 25 and 50 Cents features Ethiopians with upraised arms carrying tools and weapons.
It issued few coins, among the last being this aluminum 2 Francs coins dated The obverse depicts Marianne, the national symbol of France, and some ships. Both are 27mm and are aluminum. The British purchased it in making it the first possession in what was to become Britain's once vast African empire. It was granted independence in The other side featured important cultural items for this small African nation.
The bronze 1 Butut features the nations chief export: A native sailboat is on the 5 Bututs. The 10 Bututs shows a native partridge. An oil palm is on the 25 Bututs. It is an attractive, yet inexpensive coin set. Katanga, a mineral rich province in the south, declared itself independent from the rest of the Congo. Various factions were supported by the United States and the Soviet Union, while the United Nations tried to negotiate a truce.
This Uncirculated 1 Franc was issued only a single year. Shortly thereafter Katanga was forcibly reunited with the Congo. The coin displays the country's traditional form of money, the Katanga Cross, on one side of the coins. A bunch of bananas is shown on the other.
The coins have a redesigned reverse, which features the denomination in larger characters and a smaller coat-of-arms than previous issues. The odd 40 Shilling denomination was issued in to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Kenyan independence.
It depicts Mwai Kibaki who was the President at the time. The Kenyan coat of arms is on the reverse. These may be the last coins of Kenya to portray a person. A change in the Kenyan constitution prohibits the further use of portraits on coins and currency in an effort to reduce tribal rivalries.
The reverse features the arms of Liberia which includes an African oil palm, sailing ship and the rising sun. The 18mm coin was struck in the United States at the Philadelphia mint and has a mintage ofpieces.
Liberia was settled by freed American slaves starting in In they formed the Republic of Liberia, Africa's first republic. Its government and flag was modeled after that of the United States.
It is an attractive old, high-grade animal coin at a reasonable price. The back the Libyan flag and doves. The note features numerous anti-counterfeiting measures including an advanced holographic security thread and a watermark of Omar El Mukhtar, who led the resistance against the Italian colonization of Libya. In the Central Bank released four new coins into circulation to replace the Gaddafi era coins.
The 26mm Dirhams depicts Berber Granaries in Kabaw. The 23mm 50 Dirhams appears to depict a well. Both are nickel-plated steel. All four coins have a shifting latent image that changes as the coin is moved.
Those on the 50 and Dirhams change from a star to a crescent moon. The reverses of the four coins have the denomination and both the AH and AD date. The reverse features the heads of three long-horned Ankole cattle. The 1 Ariary features a Pointsettia on one side and the head of a Zebu on the other. The 2 Ariary pictures a Vanilla plant and the Zebu head. A rice plant is featured on the 5 Ariary. A man cutting peat is on the seven-sided 10 Ariary.
A farmer plowing a field is on the 20 Ariary. The Avenue of the Baobabs is depicted on the eleven sided 50 Ariary. The towering trees line a dirt road. They are all that is left of what was once a dense forest.
The coins date from to and are Brilliant Uncirculated. An Eagle in flight is featured on the brass 1 Kwacha.
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The 50 Tambala is a seven sided brass-plated-steel coin showing the nations coat-of-arms. A mother elephant stroking her calf with her trunk is featured on the 20 Tambala. Corn, an important staple in the countries diet, is on the 10 Tambala. The Purple Heron is on the steel 5 Tambala. The bronze 2 Tambala features a spectacular Paradise Wydah bird. The bronze 1 Tambala shows two fish. The obverse of the coins feature the nations arms on the lower three denominations and President Bakili Muluzi on the higher denominations.
The coins are dated or The coins are Uncirculated though the bronze coins may have some spots. In it issued its first coins for circulation: The reverses of the coins have the denomination and leaves. All three coins are Brilliant Uncirculated and are now difficult to obtain. It has two official languages, Arabic and French, so one side of their coins is in Arabic with an AH date and the other side is in French with an AD date.
We offer a set of the five current coins of Mauritania: All five coins are Uncirculated. It is an interesting set of coins that is difficult for collectors to find.
Both coins are included in this 4 coin set. Also included are the copper-plated steel 5 Ouguiya and the nickel-plated steel 10 Ouguiya. The 10 Santimat features a bee and a flower. The arms of Morocco are on the back of all three coins.
The boundaries that were set in the conference still make up most of the national boundaries in Africa today. Portugal was granted control over Mozambique; however it did not have the economic or military resources to control the vast territory.
It ran the Post Offices and issued its own currency. It developed the port of Beira and built a railroad to the landlocked British colonies of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
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However it did not have the financial resources needed to develop the rest of its territory and often failed to meet its obligations to the Portuguese government.
Most of its income came from its ability to tax and its power to use conscripted labor on its plantations. Mix half the flour with enough water to form a paste. Add this paste to the boiling water.
Stir vigorously with a wooden spoon to break up the lumps. Heat the mixture until it boils. Simmer, stirring constantly, for about 5 minutes. Slowly stir in the remaining flour, stirring constantly. It will become difficult to stir, but it is important to stir constantly. Reduce the heat and continue cooking for about 5 more minutes.
To serve, wet a small bowl with cold water. Spoon some sadza into the bowl and roll it around until it forms a ball. It is made of cornmeal and eaten with vegetables or meat particularly beef and chicken. A recipe for sadza follows. Other traditional foods are milk, wild fruits, rice, green maize corn on the cobcucumbers, peanuts, beans, and home-brewed beer. Since colonization, Zimbabweans have adopted some foods introduced by Europeans, especially sugar, bread, and tea.
Most families usually have at least three meals: For breakfast people may eat porridge made of cornmeal or oatmeal, cereal, or bread and tea. For lunch, people usually have sadza. A similar meal might be eaten for dinner.
However, foreign foods such as macaroni and cheese and mashed potatoes are now part of the staple diet. In cities, workers get lunch and sometimes dinner from restaurants or take-out food stores.
There are taboos restrictions associated with certain types of foods. In some cultures, certain foods are eaten only when they are in season. For instance, the amaN-debele discourage the eating of corn on the cob outside its season. Most ethnic groups also discourage people from eating animal, plant, or other form of food that has their family name.
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For instance, if one's family name is Nkomo meaning "cattle," "cows," or "oxen"one is not supposed to eat beef. Young children are discouraged from eating eggs. When a woman is menstruating, she is not supposed to drink milk because it is believed that doing so might harm cows and calves. While there are still some people who cannot read or write, most people have at least three years of elementary education. Education is seen as valuable since it can be the way to a good job.
Parents are usually willing to spend money on the education of their children as an investment in the future. Children are a form of social security system; they are expected to look after their parents in old age.
The national adult literacy rate the percentage of adults that can read and write has been increasing since the early s.
Over three-fourths of all Zimbabweans are literate. The rate is higher—over 90 percent—in cities and towns. In rural areas, only about 70 percent of all people are literate. Everywhere, more men than women can read and write, and more men than women complete higher education levels. University or college education brings pride to a family. Most Africans in the country believe in educating sons rather than daughters; when daughters marry, they take their family's resources to another family.
Traditionally, Africans passed on knowledge through music and dance. Music and dance were part of ceremonies and rites of passage; in many places, they still are. Culture is still passed on through praise songs equivalent to poemsstories, and proverbs. Most domestic work, such as cooking, brewing, and housekeeping, is performed by women. Men work outside the home tending cattle, hunting, and cultivating land.
However, women also participate in farming. They usually do jobs that are considered "light," such as planting and cultivation.
These roles are changing, however. Men help with some of the roles that were once set aside for women, and women and girls now herd and milk cattle. The colonial government did not allow women, especially black women, to work outside the home.