Effects of Agent Orange on the Vietnamese people The government of Vietnam says that 4 million of its citizens were exposed to Agent Orange, and as many as 3 million have suffered illnesses because of it; these figures include their children who were exposed.
Nguyen Viet Nhan, children in the areas where Agent Orange was used have been affected and have multiple health problems, including cleft palate, mental disabilities, hernias, and extra fingers and toes.
The affected residents are living in substandard conditions with many genetic diseases. There is data near the threshold of statistical significance suggesting Agent Orange contributes to still-births, cleft palate, and neural tube defectswith spina bifida being the most statistically significant defect.
Extensive testing for dioxin contamination has been conducted at the former U. Some of the soil and sediment on the bases have extremely high levels of dioxin requiring remediation. The Da Nang Air Base has dioxin contamination up to times higher than international recommendations for action. Veterans began to file claims in to the Department of Veterans Affairs for disability payments for health care for conditions they believed were associated with exposure to Agent Orange, or more specifically, dioxin, but their claims were denied unless they could prove the condition began when they were in the service or within one year of their discharge.
Environmental impact of war Mangrove forests, like the top one east of Saigon, were often destroyed by herbicides. The persistent nature of dioxins, erosion caused by loss of tree cover, and loss of seedling forest stock meant that reforestation was difficult or impossible in many areas. Animal-species diversity was also impacted; in one study a Harvard biologist found 24 species of birds and five species of mammals in a sprayed forest, while in two adjacent sections of unsprayed forest there were and species of birds and 30 and 55 species of mammals.
The movement of dioxins through the food web has resulted in bioconcentration and biomagnification. In consequence, the urban population in South Vietnam nearly tripled, growing from 2.
The rapid flow of people led to a fast-paced and uncontrolled urbanization; an estimated 1. Many states do not regard this as a complete ban on the use of herbicides and defoliants in warfare but it does require case-by-case consideration. This exception voids any protection of any military and civilian personnel from a napalm attack or something like Agent Orange and is clear that it was designed to cover situations like U.
This clause has yet to be revised. Codario, one of the first civilian doctors to see affected patients, Mayerson, so impressed by the fact a physician would show so much interest in a Vietnam veteran, forwarded more than a thousand pages of information on Agent Orange and the effects of dioxin on animals and humans to Codario's office the day after he was first contacted by the doctor.
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Hartz as their principal client, filed the first US Agent Orange class-action lawsuit, in Pennsylvania infor the injuries military personnel in Vietnam suffered through exposure to toxic dioxins in the defoliant.
Codario, including about articles from toxicology journals dating back more than a decade, as well as data about where herbicides had been sprayed, what the effects of dioxin had been on animals and humans, and every accident in factories where herbicides were produced or dioxin was a contaminant of some chemical reaction. However, on May 7,seven chemical companies settled the class-action suit out of court just hours before jury selection was to begin.
Federal Judge Jack B.
Weinstein refused the appeals, claiming the settlement was "fair and just". Bythe veterans' fears were confirmed when it was decided how the money from the settlement would be paid out.
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Furthermore, by accepting the settlement payments, disabled veterans would become ineligible for many state benefits that provided far more monetary support than the settlement, such as food stamps, public assistance, and government pensions. The commission's research project in association with Rutgers University was called "The Pointman Project". It was disbanded by Governor Christine Todd Whitman in Prior to this, such levels could only be found in the adipose fat tissue.
The project studied dioxin TCDD levels in blood as well as in adipose tissue in a small group of Vietnam veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange and compared them to those of a matched control group; the levels were found to be higher in the former group. Department of Veterans Affairs has listed prostate cancerrespiratory cancers, multiple myelomatype II diabetes mellitusHodgkin's diseasenon-Hodgkin's lymphomasoft tissue sarcoma, chloracneporphyria cutanea tardaperipheral neuropathychronic lymphocytic leukemiaand spina bifida in children of veterans exposed to Agent Orange as conditions associated with exposure to the herbicide.
This list now includes B cell leukemias, such as hairy cell leukemiaParkinson's disease and ischemic heart diseasethese last three having been added on August 31, Several highly placed individuals in government are voicing concerns about whether some of the diseases on the list should, in fact, actually have been included.
At the request of the VA, the Institute Of Medicine evaluated whether or not service in these C aircraft could have plausibly exposed soldiers and been detrimental to their health. VA now provides medical care and disability compensation for the recognized list of Agent Orange illnesses. Following the conference, the U.
More progress has been made on the environmental front. Inthe first U. The committee has been meeting yearly to explore areas of scientific cooperation, technical assistance and environmental remediation of dioxin.
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